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Four things EVERYONE needs to know about sharks

May 10, 2009

WhySharksMatterWhile I could talk forever about why sharks matter (I am, as frequent readers know, literally writing a book about the topic), there are a few things that I would like for everyone to know. I do mean EVERYONE. I know that my blog posts reach a pretty small percentage of the world’s population, but some of you guys are pretty passionate about protecting the oceans. Please tell a friend. Please tell your parents. Please tell your children. Please tell your teachers, please tell your students, please tell your classmates. You get the idea… I really would like for EVERYONE to know these few important facts about sharks. I fervently believe that sharks are threatened today because the majority of the world doesn’t know that they are important, and not because the majority of the world wishes them ill, and that public education on a massive scale is key to saving these animals. I can’t do it without you.

1) Sharks do not represent a serious threat to human beings. Yes, some people have died as a result of shark encounters, and any human death is a tragedy, but it is important to keep in mind the relative risk of a shark attack. Of the over 500 species of sharks worldwide, fewer than a dozen have ever been known to kill a human. In an average year, over 650,000 Americans die as a result of heart disease, giving me a 1 in 5 chance of dying of heart disease in my lifetime. In an average year, over 550,000 Americans die from cancer, giving me a 1 in 7 chance of dying from cancer in my lifetime. In an average year, over 40,000 Americans die in car accidents, giving me a 1 in 84 chance of dying in a car accident in my lifetime. In an average year, 1 American dies from a shark attack, giving me a 1 in 3,748,067 chance of dying from a shark attack in my lifetime.

Again, any human death is a tragedy, but when you have a 1 in 5 chance of dying from heart disease and a 1 in 4 million chance of dying from a shark attack, should we really be so concerned about the threat to us that sharks represent?

Millions of Americans spend time in the oceans each year. Sharks have been evolving incredible sensory systems, part of what makes them such incredible hunters, for over 400 million years. They can also swim a great deal faster than we can. If they wanted to attack humans, a lot more than one American a year would be killed by a shark.  Sharks are simply not a serious threat to us.

If this guy wanted to hurt you, you couldn't outswim him

If this guy wanted to hurt you, you couldn't outswim him. Fortunately for you, sharks don't usually attack people

2) Sharks are important to the health of the oceans. Without them, many ocean ecosystems, including several that are vital to the economy, are in danger of collapsing. This collapse would have devastating ecological and economic consequences… and some of these consequences have already started to happen. In addition to providing natural selection pressure and allowing only the fittest to survive by preying upon the weakest, sickest, and smallest fish, sharks are also important to marine ecosystems in other ways.

In the Outer Banks of North Carolina, tiger shark populations have declined over 97% since 1972. One of their prey items, the cownose ray, has skyrocketed in population without tiger sharks to eat them. These cownose rays eat scallops… and with so many more rays, the scallop population of the Outer Banks has all but collapsed. This is bad news not only for the numerous other organisms that eat scallops, but also for the thousands of people who used to work as scallop fisherman.

A similar event took place in Tasmania. Massive declines in shark populations led to an increase in octopus populations, since there are so many fewer sharks preying on them. These octopus eat, among other things, Tasmanian rock lobsters. The Tasmanian rock lobster fishery is now almost completely gone.

A more complex shark decline related ecosystem destabilization, this one taking place in coral reefs, has led to a decrease in algae-grazing parrotfish populations… and a huge increase in algae. Algae in the Caribbean is starting to take over reefs, killing coral. Coral reefs are home to thousands of unique species of fish and invertebrates, and they generate billions in ecotourism dollars worldwide. This algae takeover is one of the biggest threats facing coral reefs, and food chain destabilization as a result of shark population declines is one of the biggest causes of algae takeover. Losses of sharks are directly related to the destruction of coral reefs.

These guys help keep the oceans healthy

These guys help keep the oceans healthy

3) Sharks are in serious trouble. Many shark species have declined in population over 90% in the last 25 years.

Bycatch is one of the biggest threats facing sharks. While fishing for other species, sharks are caught by accident and are killed.

Another major threat facing sharks is finning. Sharks of many species are caught, their fins are cut off, and the still-living rest of the shark (far less valuable than the fin) is dumped overboard to bleed to death or drown. This brutal and unsustainable practice provides material for shark fin soup, a Chinese delicacy associated with celebration. The fins, which are made of cartilage, add absolutely no flavor or nutritional value whatsoever to the soup. By some estimates, up to 73 million sharks a year are killed for their fins*.

These guys are in big trouble

These guys are in big trouble

4)Human beings are better off with sharks than we are without sharks, and we are in danger of losing them forever… but you can help! The absolute most important thing that you can do to help, you are already doing just by reading this.  Learn all you can about sharks, their ecological and economic importance, and the threats they face. Pass on what you have learned to others. Public education will help far more sharks than these guys ever will. The more people that know about this, the better off sharks will be!

If we teach people about sharks, we can save them

If we teach people about sharks, we can save them


All photographs of and by the author

*This number was originally quotes as 100 million, but based on discussions stemming from this post, the number was changed to up to 73 million on January 5, 2010.

82 Comments leave one →
  1. May 10, 2009 10:59 pm

    Where did you get the statistic that shark populations have gone down by 90%? I’ve heard statistics all over the board.

    How was the data collected and what’s the margin of error?

    Just curious. I’ve heard everything from 90% to 35%.

    • whysharksmatter permalink*
      May 10, 2009 11:04 pm

      Different species have suffered differently, but almost all measured shark populations have decreased pretty drastically.

      The tiger shark (97% population decline since 1972) comes from a famous article from the journal Nature, one of the most prestigious scientific journals. Some of those authors, notably the now-deceased Ran Myers and the not-deceased Julia Baum, have been involved in tracking shark populations for decades. Whichever species they look at, they see the same trend- between 50% and 99% of that population has declined in the last thirty years.

      A computer meta-analysis, using decades of their data, predicted that the present population of sharks is around 10% of the pre-industrial population of sharks.

    • Jenifer Mullins permalink
      May 19, 2009 3:29 pm

      I first saw this on discovery channel. I thought someone has to do something. I immediately knew what it would do to our oceans and to humans. The loss of sharks would be devastating, and the world as we know it would actually cease to exist. My dream is to become a marine biologist, but mistakes I have made in the past are making it so difficult for me to continue school. I feel compelled to take action to stop this. With no degree or training I fear that there is little I can do. My heart sank when I saw the massacre of these amazing creatures. It is amazing that a species that has been around 400 million years could be completely wiped away in just a few years. It takes a moment to destroy something, but can take forever to rebuild it. If everyone doesn’t work together it would be nearly impossible to internationally control this. Sharks are not naturally our predators. We go into their world and destroy something we don’t even fully understand. Sharks do not prey upon us, but they have gotten such a bad reputation over the years. Many people think that we’d be better off without them. I do think education will help, but there also has to be legislation against it. This is just as bad as the whaling had become. We all need to understand every creature on this earth has a purpose, and there is a logical reason for it to be here. No matter how large or small that creature is. The ability for humans to rationalize makes us responsible and accountable to everything given to us on this earth. It is appalling that a practice such as this has been allowed to continue for so long. Despite all the knowledge and technology we possess we continue to destroy things that we don’t fully understand. I guess I was naive to think that we as humans have gotten past that. Let us not forget the almighty dollar that wouldn’t even exist if humans were not here. I am going to get off my soap box now. My passion for this is so extreme. Thank you for the opportunity to vent.

  2. May 11, 2009 3:31 am

    And let’s not forget that Spain and to a lesser extent France and the UK fin sharks under the protection of a dispensation from EU law, effectively legalising finning through the application of eroneous fin to carcass weight ratios. Figures show that they provide upwards of 57% of the Hong Kong fin market supplies, the largest fin market in the world.

    • May 11, 2009 6:54 am

      The UK have a part in this? Do you have any proof? I had no idea.

      • christopher bartlett permalink
        May 11, 2009 7:05 am

        Search the web, it’s no secret, after all it is sanctioned by the governments of the countries concerned. Spain even asked for the fin to carcass weight ratio to be increased! Look on Shark Alliance and Shark Trust websites, also is also a good source of marine conservation info, as is the Marine Stewardship Council site.
        While you’re at it, read into how wasteful commercial fisheries are, and how 30 percent of the landed ocean catch is fed to pigs and poultry.(Stats from UN FAO).

    • bozam permalink
      August 24, 2009 11:40 am

      Did I understand it right?
      Do Spain, France and UK provide more than 57% of the Hong Kong fin market supplies (the largest fin market in the world)??

      Would you be so kind to tell me where did you get that information?

      I thank you in advance!

    • Katrien Vandevelde permalink
      August 28, 2009 1:45 pm

      I totally agree. It’s not Asia’s problem, it’s here in rich Europe, with our big fisheries, where the problem is beïng created. Spain is the worldlead supplier of shark finns for the marked in Hong Kong!

  3. terryg permalink
    May 11, 2009 11:15 am

    I’ll be sure to forward and repost this post, but I take slight issue with the statistics of point 1.
    When calculating the risk of death of something like heart disease or cancer, it’s implied that you are basing that on total population; the total population is not at risk from ocean dangers however, since many people live landlocked and don’t even swim on vacation. Are you calculating the odds of shark attack based purely on the percentage of the total population that actually enters the ocean?

    I’m quite confident the numbers are still tiny, but I just want to be assured that we’re talking apples-to-apples, as it were.

    • whysharksmatter permalink*
      May 11, 2009 8:27 pm

      A fairly small percentage of Americans never go to the ocean.

      According to National Geographic, fully half of the population of the United States lives within fifty miles of the ocean.

      • May 12, 2009 6:43 pm

        And that statistic doesn’t include the rare and elusive land shark, sworn enemy of the western pacific boreal octopus

      • SlackJack permalink
        July 2, 2009 8:16 am

        You quoted the stat incorrectly. They say that 50% of the US population lives within 50 miles of the ocean or the Great Lakes. They reference the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, although I couldn’t find them referencing that either.
        Athough, the erroneous stats don’t negate the urgency of the issue, they are simply a distraction.

  4. May 11, 2009 11:30 am

    I, too, believe in education. My motto: “Knowledge leads to Understanding” It is good to see websites like this one because people in general don’t know what the situation with sharks is. We need to go into schools, colleges and wherever people are willing to listen. Sharks are very interesting to talk about and the people I met during my presentations were really interested. However, almost all admitted that they had no idea how important and how endangered sharks really are.
    Great Website!

  5. Robert Lutan permalink
    May 11, 2009 7:28 pm

    interesting and informative article!!!. Please tell me how shark’s declining population affect parrotfish numbers. I definitely don’t want to see coral reefs getting damaged from algae. Being a SCUBA diver I still want to dive with sharks and see beautiful underground vistas in the near future.

    • whysharksmatter permalink*
      May 11, 2009 8:28 pm

      Stay tuned, Robert, and I’ll write a detailed post about how shark population declines affect parrotfish populations later this summer!

  6. May 11, 2009 8:57 pm

    Hi Robert,
    good question. I am not a marine biologist and cannot give you an intelligent answer to this particular subject. I can only say that sharks are at the top of the food chain and if we take the top of that food chain out, by killing too many sharks, the whole ecosystem will brake down and that will, of course, have an effect on the parrot fish as well. Coral reefs where the shark population has been killed off, will die sooner or later. Just like the scallop industry in the Carolinas has been wiped out because there are not enough sharks left to keep the cow-nosed rays at viable levels. If the rays eat the scallops before they spawn, they will be soon all gone. The ecosystem in our oceans is very complex and by taking the apex predator out, we are destroying the whole system. The oceans on the other hand, are our life support system, without which the human race will not be able to survive.

  7. May 18, 2009 10:52 am

    David, great article! Huge thanks to you for taking up the cause. If more people were educated about sharks, the decline may slow way down. The sad fact is that declinations are happening all over the globe (even in places that supposedly have safeguards in place like Ecuador/Galapagos). Keep up the good work!

  8. Daniel Breiding permalink
    May 21, 2009 7:11 pm

    Regardless of all the specifics on the statistics provided, the message of this blog is genuine and informative. Sharks are fascinating creatures, and I would imagine that as the public becomes more aware of the precarious situation that the species is in, the more likely they will be willing to engage in protecting them. Excellent initiative, awesome blog.

  9. May 21, 2009 11:39 pm

    Change has never come through governments but through the actions of a few with the help of the people. I hope that I am right in believing, that it can happen in this case, too.

  10. Jacob Luttermann permalink
    May 29, 2009 10:56 am

    To add to your Tasmania story. I was just watching the BBC Oceans program about the Southern Seas around Tasmania, where they stated that the kelp forests around the southern coast of Tasmania are disappearing….. why….. because sea urchins are eating the young kelp so quickly that the kelp is diminishing…. why is that…. because the sea urchin’s naturural predator is gone….. who is that then…. the rock lobster !!!

    They are now experimenting with setting out rock lobster in the areas to turn the diminishing kelp forests…. but what does that help if there’s still an abundence of octupus and no sharks.

    I believe that what it takes to change peoples view on things is to show the whole picture. They don’t care about sharks but if they see that it will influence the environment or especially what they can eat, then they might finally wake up.
    It’s the same issue with the fossil fuels, polution etc. Humans are definitely the most thoughtless creature on this planet!

  11. ANDREA permalink
    May 31, 2009 7:39 pm

    Why sharks should be protected

    Sharks have been demonised as killers of humans but the truth is that while a few sharks may kill a few humans each year, the majority of sharks are harmless and the biggest killers are humans. Humans not only murder millions of other humans each year, they also murder millions of sharks. So many sharks are now killed for such inhumane ‘delicacies’ as shark fin soup as well as for fish and chips, cat food and even fertilizer that many shark species are being hunted to extinction.

    Some populations have plummeted and if we continue our unsustainable pillage of the oceans, fish and shark populations will disappear forever.

    So what? What does it matter to the average person if sharks were to disappear? It matters because we are a part of the world’s great web of life and what happens in the deepest oceans affects even the most privileged, protected city dweller. A great many people depend on fish as part of their diet. When the fish stocks collapse, including the sharks, there will be a lot less food to feed not just the starving masses but the people of richer nations as well.

    Sharks are an important part of the ocean ecosystems. They are top predators, killing the sick and the weak and helping thereby to maintain the health of prey populations. They are also beautiful in their own right and have as much inherent ‘right to life’ as any of the rest of us. When they were hunted one at a time by our ancestors with harpoons or hooks and lines from small boats there was no problem. A reasonable amount of predation is ok. But we are out of control. Our world population is now over six billion and rising. We cannot sustain this population even at the most basic levels and the oceans are proof of this. For the last fifty years we have been overharvesting the oceans of sharks and fish to the point where it is now estimated that 90% of the original stocks are gone.

    It is time to recognise the damage we are doing and take steps to change before it is too late. Sharks and fish need our protection, not only for their sakes but for ours. We have to learn to live sustainably. It doesn’t mean we have to stop fishing altogether. We need to protect endangered species to start with to prevent extinction. Once a species is gone, it is gone forever. We have to protect the most vulnerable first.

    We also have to protect habitats. A few years ago the first marine parks were created and the results that are now coming in show that having no fishing areas benefits not only those areas but the broader areas around them as well. Even fishermen benefit, though they sometimes scream the loudest when marine parks are suggested. But, the fact is that sharks and other marine species need safe zones where they can breed and grow without constant fishing pressure. As the populations recover, individuals move out into unprotected waters and the fishermen benefit.

    If we don’t protect sharks now, we risk losing them forever. If we protect them and their habitats now, then we can have them forever. It’s as simple as that.

  12. Dominique Sempere permalink
    June 1, 2009 1:38 am

    Les gens aiment se faire peur… A une autre époque, on parlait du loup aux petits enfants pour les faire tenir tranquille !
    Depuis la projection du film “Les dents de la mer”, on a commencé à faire tout un cirque lorsqu’un requin montrait le bout d’un aileron. Pourtant, l’homme ne risque pas grand chose et c’est le requin qui courre un plus grand danger : celui d’être mangé et de disparaître.
    Il faut protéger et respecter toutes les formes de vies car les animaux étaient sur Terre bien avant nous !

  13. Antonio permalink
    June 1, 2009 4:51 am

    I started to love sharks when i was six years old. My father bought me a documentary in vhs where eugenie clark talked about these amazing animals. From tiger sharks to the great white, all of them fascinated me with their jaws, shape, predation skills and incredible senses.

    I live in Canary Islands (Spain), and because we are surrounded by the atlantic ocean (they are seven islands near mauritanie) we should have to educate the kids at schools and give them the love of taking care of the sharks. This job isn’t made, and this fact worries me. In this place at least 50 species live or pass around the islands. We usually don’t see them because they live far from the coast. Because of that people here is not worried about sharks in danger.

    I have a question for you. Since i was little i’ve been fascinated about the great white. I have red some articles saying this shark lives near Canary Islands. Can you confirm this data?.

    I will pass this excellent article to all my friends in facebook. I am a veterinarian, our faculty have some great investigation groups about sealife (fishes, marine mammals) so i will tell them about your job.

    We must do whatever we can to protect this great and amazing animal

  14. ramona permalink
    June 2, 2009 3:38 pm

    I was the same years ago. I was afraid of sharks. Same with spiders and as I was a kid I killed every spider that got into my way.
    So I think it is very far spread to be afraid of sharks and the wish that every single one is dead before I enter the sea to go swimming.
    But I started diving and I lost my fear, I was even happy to see a shark! I had a better feeling for this ecosystem and got very interested in it since. By now I love the sea and I dream of a job protecting it.
    Information will help and experience will prove it.

    What would really make me happy is the moment I walk along the beach in Thailand and the sharks have disappeared from the buffets at the restaurants.

  15. June 7, 2009 4:15 am

    I came across your blog (really interesting btw!) while googling for sharks and fisheries interactions for a post I was putting together. I’ve linked back to you guys (this post specifically) so you might get so curious laypeople who have an interest in the marine environment.
    I was wondering if you guys will be putting something out for World Oceans Day tomorrow? We’ve got an Oceanic Blog-A-Thon (my first attempt at hosting something like this, we’ll see how it goes) and if you guys would like to participate we’d love to have you! There are people from quite a few countries involved, and although I think I’m the only biologist in the mix, all those who have responded seem passionate about the seas and oceans so there should be some interesting stuff coming out of it.

    If you’re interested in participating:

    Or just in seeing what other people have to say, then stop by throughout Monday (new links will be added to the post as I receive them):


    Oh, and a question, are you guys based out of the Duke Marine Lab? Kind of sounds like you’re from around there… lucky! :o)

  16. June 7, 2009 4:18 am

    Oh, and just wanted to add one thing. Your comparison of risk by shark death to risk by heart attack etc. reminded me of the guided tours I used to give in an Aquarium, except I’d tell the kids they had more of a chance of getting bitten by a rabid dog or being stung by a bee (and being allergic). :p

  17. Jacob Luttermann permalink
    June 17, 2009 4:46 pm

    I am at the moment studying Graphic Design and needed an excellent text about something that matters greatly to me so once again I turned to sharks but this time I used our favourite shark blogger’s wise words!

    My assignment, which is not published anywhere….. which I wouldn’t do anyway without approval from the author, was to take a text and turn it into an article/flyer/etc. and received excellent feedback from my professor, which must mean that I did something correct:)

    I would like to return the PDF version of the end product to you for what use it might have…… PDF poster to download – print – and hand out/stick up on noticeboards etc….. and would have done it in this post if I could.

    Anyway if it has any interest let me know…. you know my email address:)
    Or if I could be in any other assistence let me know.

  18. susan paerels permalink
    June 23, 2009 2:31 pm

    i love hearing the passion for saving sharks! i still can’t stop the horrible images of slaughtered sharks on a recent documentary. sharks are beautiful and necessary creatures and fascinating as well! i will spread the word!

  19. verinakhoo permalink
    June 28, 2009 12:43 am

    This is extremely important to me. I will do my best to help pass it around. Keep doing your best and thanks so much for helping the sharks…you are also helping me to open other people’s eyes. ^.^

  20. verinakhoo permalink
    June 28, 2009 12:46 am

    Oh and I intend to be a marine biologist when I grow up so your also helping educate me in this part of marine biology. Thank you!!!

  21. Brian permalink
    June 30, 2009 11:09 pm

    I love sharks. They are one of natures most awesome creations…. Man should not hunt them… Shark are not man hunters. They are looking for food in their own world….

  22. luaks permalink
    July 1, 2009 4:42 am

    David, greate job. Thank you.

  23. July 2, 2009 8:24 am

    Is there any way for people to help rebuild shark populations? I know sometimes endangered species in captivity can be successfully bred, and animals like the Bald Eagle have been removed from the endangered species list, but so many sharks are too large to live in captivity. Just curious what we can do besides stopping shark poaching.

    • whysharksmatter permalink*
      July 2, 2009 4:38 pm

      If you stop poaching, the rest will take care of itself. Captive breeding isn’t really an option for most of these species.

  24. Claire permalink
    July 4, 2009 11:57 pm

    Read the blog, love the blog.
    Hold the phone, though. You’re in South Carolina? I’m in South Carolina!
    Why don’t I know you?

  25. July 8, 2009 7:54 pm

    Great article! Thanks for shedding light on this issue. Most people don’t realize how important sharks are to everyone as your article states. I’ve written an article on Cocos Island, which has more sharks per cubic foot than anywhere else on earth and am a supporter of sharks, although it’s difficult to get people on board.

  26. July 8, 2009 7:55 pm

    If anyone’s interested, the article can be found at:–Cocos-Island. I also wrote an article on shark diving–Your-New-Hobby.

  27. July 13, 2009 1:22 pm

    The facts about Sharks in this thread are way way off.

    I’m all for Shark conservation and fully understand their role in the ocean, it is criminal that they’re being wiped out across the globe — but I’m getting sick of reports, documentaries, internet heroes and so on — churning out made up statistics on sharks.

    The fact is, you will almost certainly be attacked by a shark if you are in the wrong place at the wrong time. The time & the place can be pinpointed, for instance, I can safely say [after years of researching & reading about these amazing creatures] if you take a swim around 07:00 off the beaches of Durban SA, you will be shark fodder.

    The point is, statistics like “there’s more chance of being struck by lightening” are roughly true when you’re comparing them to a bather or surfer off Cornwall, England. But if you crash land in the middle of the Indian Ocean, you’re chances of meeting a highly aggressive Oceanic Whitetip will increase greatly.

    There are thousands of unreported shark attacks over the year. A shark attack only counts as a shark attack if there is an eye witness. If a body is washed upon the shoreline full of shark bites, it will almost certainly not be recorded as a shark attack but “death by misadventure”.

    You also have to consider the 1000’s of people from the third & fourth world nations who when seeking a better life are thrown from rafts, half-beaten boats or whatever makeshift dingy they can put together.

    Without trying to sound negative, let’s not bash the Discovery channel so easily, Sharks do kill, afterall it’s their domain.

    ~paul browne.

    • July 14, 2009 9:42 am

      “The fact is, you will almost certainly be attacked by a shark if you are in the wrong place at the wrong time. ”

      So what you’re saying is, although hundreds of millions of people each year enter the oceans, only ten are in the wrong place at the wrong time?

      “not bash the Discovery channel so easily”

      What are you talking about, friend? This post has nothing to do with the Discovery Channel, and in the post that IS related to the Discovery Channel I’m the least bashy one participating in the conversation.

  28. August 10, 2009 3:56 am

    Every year I watch the Discovery Channel just to see Shark Week.I watch it alot of other times too,but I try not to miss any episode.Igrew up on the Gulf coast ever since I was a kid I have loved them.This year on shark week there was a man that was hand feeding a 12-13ft. tiger,how cool is that.He had no cage,no chainmill, or anything.He was petting her and even rode on her back.For as long as I can rember I always wanted for a vacation go to Austrailia(not spelled rite)and go in a cage to take pictures.My wife thinks I’m nuts but that would be my dream vaction.I’m on disablity so that’s gone now.It’s wild that they have’nt changed since time began.We need a lot more education and a lot less killin.To hunt a speices to the point of extinction is stupid,it will come back to bite us on ths ass one day.As far as finning the people that do this,they need their hands and feet tied,and thrown in see how they do.

  29. August 28, 2009 1:52 pm

    Finally a video that explains why humans need sharks. The same is happening in Mexico, Baja California, where the killing of the sharks has lead to an exponential increase in Humbold squid (5-6 feet big). The squid have decimated the fish in …the Sea of Cortez and are now attacking bathers in the shallow waters of San Diego, in broad daylight. (they are nocturnal feeders that normally stay in deep water)

    Eindelijk een video die uitlegt waarom wij, de mens, haaien nodig heeft!
    Hetzelfde gebeurt in Mexico, Baja California, waar de uitroeiing van de haaien een explosie aan humbolt inktvissen (1.50m groot) heeft veroorzaakt die alle vis in de Sea of Cortez hebben verorbert en nu reeds op klaarlichte dag badgasten in San Diego aanvallen en de diepte insleuren… (terwijl het normaal nachtdieren zijn die altijd in diep water blijven)

  30. Michele Goodfellow permalink
    August 31, 2009 10:43 am

    I loved your blog. I have been passionate about sharks and conservation for the last 23 years. Until I had children I worked with sharks at Mote Marine Science Laboratory in Sarasota, Florida. Keep up the good work David. I will make sure my daughters and all there friends and all of my friends and all of their teachers, etc. read this blog.

    Take Care

  31. August 31, 2009 12:04 pm

    Dear David,

    Excuse me for reopening the same subject, but can you include the Humbold squid in your video? It seems quite important to do so, specially for the American viewers. After seeing this video

    by the Undersea Voyager Project, it is clear that the Humbold is a problem already and will increase to be a huge problem soon, if man doesn’t stop killing sharks.
    Kind regards,

    • whysharksmatter permalink*
      August 31, 2009 12:25 pm

      I have not heard this about humboldt squid. I’ll look into it.

  32. Lydia permalink
    September 27, 2009 4:51 pm

    I am taking your 4 points and putting them as my “position” statements on my Facebook cause page. I hope this is ok with you? In this way, I am hoping to help spread the word, like you said it is needed. And I agree, it is very needed.

    I live in Vancouver, BC, Canada – one of the places with the most Chinese immigrants, which also means a huge amount of Chinese restaurants that serve shark fin.

    I am starting a cause (profits to go to Shark Savers as they’re a much smaller group and less known) to get people to pledge 2 simple things:
    1) not to consume shark products anywhere (at home, restaurants) and of any kind (fin, meat, pill form)
    2) not to dine at restaurants with shark on the menu (boycott).

    I am hoping with these 2 simple pledges people will start to make a difference. I am sure it will as Vancouver has so many Chinese/Asians. If we all play our part, then change will occur. I am hoping that I will be able to use the materials offered on Shark Safe Network to contact restaurants and get them to take shark off the menu. Today’s my first day so I have a long way to go, but I believe I can do it.

    I am also planning to hold parties where people can become educated through video and discussion. I plan to collect pledges from people (and of course I myself will make pledges) such as purposely not serving shark fin on special occasions and making the restaurant aware of this decision (that it’s on purpose) and to notify guests too. Or, for myself, I am planning that the next 6 mths I do not buy anything for myself (clothes, CDs, DVDs, magazines, etc) but instead use the money that I could’ve spent on myself to print flyers/posters, throw parties (as aforementioned) or donate it all. Also, for X’mas this year, I don’t think I will be buying presents so much as advertising to people by buying shark aware products (eg: films, tshirts, necklaces, donations in the name of someone else etc) and just overall trying to raise awareness.

    This will all come as I put everything together, but I am confident that just by having people pledge to the 2 simple things, an impact will be made. I know myself I just started yesterday and today I will have already made a (tiny) impact. My mom wanted to go to a certain restaurant that serves shark fin tonight. I told her I cannot go b/c they serve shark fin and if we had to eat there that I would not eat and that I would have to speak to the manager of the restaurant. We changed to a different place and now that restaurant will not have earned our business. If just one individual takes up these 2 pledges, many will be affected.

    Thanks for all you’re doing to make others aware.

    With utmost gratitude and respect,
    Lydia Chung

  33. JohnnyK permalink
    September 30, 2009 2:45 am

    Sorry, but I personally would like sharks driven to extinction …. so I could surf and swim in safety. Most other human predators have gone this way so one more won’t hurt. Flame me but just my opinion

    • October 1, 2009 10:42 am

      Why should you get to play in THIER house with no personal risk? Just so you can surf or swim safely we ALL have to suffer? Kind of selfish don’t you think? I’m sure that they wouldn’t want you dead so they could walk on land.

    • Sharkfin permalink
      October 1, 2009 6:43 pm

      Of course you would, because you are ignorant…
      I suggest you check out the documentary of the website for Sharkwater and grow up.
      Without sharks, the oceans would be desolate and barren, devoid of life, so think of that next time you surf or swim.
      It’s called a food web, look it up.

    • October 1, 2009 7:04 pm

      Because no one surfs or swims at any beach now, since they’re so dangerous. That’s why tens of millions of American’s travel to the beach every year the look longingly at the water and sigh *gee, it’s too bad we can’t surf or swim, there might be a shark* The pool is that-a-way, please stay out of the deep end, it’s probably too dangerous for you. Give me a break.

  34. Ray Jan permalink
    September 30, 2009 6:10 am

    When I was kid, I wanted to be a marine biologist. It had nothing to do with the movie “Free Willy” as most kids’ reasons were. It was because of Discovery Channel’s shark features.

    I wanted to become a marine biologist because of sharks.

    So, anyway, I’m already over that dream (I’m studying medicine) and I wish you good luck.

    You keep that childhood dream of mine in good hands!

  35. October 4, 2009 8:42 pm

    @ “Johnny K” : Your comment shows such a lack of knowledge that I don’t even want get very deep into it. It would be hopeless. You want to get rid of a healthy ocean so you can surf. Wow that’s quite a statement. I just wonder how you would breathe after the ocean loses it’s biological balance and stopped producing the majority of our oxygen? The statement “without sharks we’ll lose the oceans” is pretty accurate and should be taken very seriously because without healthy oceans the human race cannot survive.

    @ “one who waits” (Paul Browne):
    Are you working for Discovery or do you really believe all the lies they are telling to make money? Dogs kill more people per year in the US alone, than sharks do world-wide. And dogs are “Man’s best friend” so why are we bashing the sharks?

    I just returned from a week of swimming with Great White Sharks in the Pacific. Out of the cage, of course, in depths of 30 to 80 feet. We had lots of sharks close by and did not need a weapon to defend ourselves. None of the Great Whites has threatened us in any way, though they were coming close some times to look at us.
    Let’s make sure that we don’t see things out of perspective. Sharks are wild animals and we need to respect them. But they are not the killers and man-eaters as which they are shown on many TV shows. They are very important because they maintain healthy oceans and should not get killed for money, for fun or for a soup in China.
    Of course, this is no story for Discovery, because it is a true story. Truth is a word that Discovery doesn’t seem to like very much. We were 8 divers who swam with what Hollywood calls “Jaws” every day for a week. Nothing happened and therefore no Discovery show will ever broadcast it. For so many TV-producers, the truth is not news. They believe that only blood will bring them the ratings they need. Even if they have to produce the blood themselves to make believers out of their audience. It is us, the stupid viewers, who are to blame because we watch that BS on Discovery Channel. How would they get their ratings otherwise?

    I would like to challenge the Discovery Channel to bring a report about our dives with Great White Sharks. All they have to do is sign a paper that they will not tell a single lie during the report, only the truth as we show it to them in photos and videos. They don’t have to focus on me, we had some pretty heavy guns among the divers, who are very competent and knowledgeable. But I bet that Discovery will not take my offer because it would mean telling the truth for a change. What would they do without blood in the water?

  36. Emma permalink
    November 23, 2009 12:26 pm

    This reminds me of shark week on discovery channel, which I love! It is hard to get around the view that sharks are killers because of all the shows and movies that depict them to be just that. I think it is important that you are trying to educate people on sharks and convince people that theyre not just killers. I likt the statistics you gave of people who die of shark attacks. It should make everyone feel better about swimming in the ocean!

  37. VEM permalink
    November 23, 2009 1:20 pm

    First, I am glad that you started off with “sharks do not represent a serious threat to human beings” I think that this is a very important point and one that needs to be understood by the general public. I hate how people run around saying its so dangerous to swim in the ocean, we should kill sharks because all they do is eat people, and so on. As you said 1 American dies from a shark attack each year, 40,000 die from car accidents but how many people are running around saying that you should never get in a car because you’re going to die?
    But then the country goes crazy during shark week, and sharks are suddenly everyones favorite! We spend a week glued to the tv obsessed and when its over so many of us just forget. We see them as a form of entertainment, not a species in need of our help. It needs to be brought to public attention that the population of sharks is rapidly declining and the horrible actions of men to the shark. I feel that the stats on the shark’s role in the many ecosystems of the ocean, especially the coral reefs combined with the popularity of sharks on a whole (they are pretty cool creatures… no one can deny that) this devastating decline can be reversed and shark awareness increased!
    I am a little puzzled to exactly why the decline in shark population has led to a decrease in algae-grazing parrotfish. I saw Robert Lutan (May 11 2009) asked this same question and whysharksmatter commented that a detailed post would be posted in the summer. I could not find this post?

  38. Annie permalink
    November 25, 2009 9:59 pm

    I have always been afraid of sharks and think I always will be. I love how passionate you are, and I love how you show people sharks aren’t scary. But to me, huge size, and rows of teeth are frightening. I think the main thing that scares people is the size. I know a whale wouldn’t eat me, but they are so big that im terrified of them too! I don’t hate sharks, and hopefully one day I WON’T be afraid of them! I think Shark Week on the discovery channel helps show how they really aren’t bad creatures at all, too.

    • doug permalink
      November 25, 2009 10:13 pm

      Do you even read this blog or just post dumb as fucking rocks comments all over the web?

  39. Lauren C. permalink
    November 30, 2009 4:35 pm

    David- I found your article to be very interesting and have enjoyed reading about sharks.

  40. Carmen permalink
    November 30, 2009 4:38 pm

    I found all of this information extremely interesting. I like how everything has been studied and we are talking about a real issue, with real statistics and real-world problems. I believe that informing people is the most important thing. With knowledge and understanding can create room for a wide range of action and improvement. The saddest and very real arguement of ignorance is true. So many people are misinformed, misled, or not able to receive this kind of information from a variety of different reasons-where people live, the conditions in which they live, and lack of testing or intercultural cooperation. I think informing is great-every person matters, and every shark matters.

  41. Mitali Barot permalink
    November 30, 2009 8:40 pm

    i will ask you guys who is more dangerous Humans or Sharks ?
    Just like anybody when those species feel that they are in danger they will just do anything to protect them. i just beleive that they are not as dangerous as they might sound. The way sharks have killed people makes them look very dangerous. But so are humans.

    • December 1, 2009 12:52 am

      I think humans are much more dangerous than sharks. They destroy anything that does not fit into their world, or they do it for money and a picture. I have been in open water with Great Whites, Tiger sharks, Bull sharks, Hammerheads and many others and have never been threatened a single time. In reality, dogs or bees, each kill more people in the US alone than sharks do worldwide. So why do we fear sharks? Because we have been told and are still being told by the media like Discovery Channel and other fabricated TV shows, that sharks are killers and man-eaters.
      The native Americans were a lot smarter than we are. “What you don’t know you will fear; what you fear you will destroy” said the old Indian Chief Dan George.

      That’s exactly right and therefore people continue to kill these highly developed and very important animals. If we lose the sharks we will, in the long run, lose the oceans and with them we’ll lose our life support system. That’s the truth, which Discovery does not want to mention. With the loss of healthy oceans we’ll lose 70% of our oxygen. And then? Heaven knows how we can survive. Those who deny this should educate them-selves and asked the one thousand scientists who have written to the UN, claiming that by 2050 the oceans will be empty. Knowledge leads to Understanding!

      • Crystle permalink
        January 8, 2010 10:10 pm

        hey, i think you have a really in depth view of all this but could you please provide the sources from which you get your statistics from? Thanks! Would really appreciate this.

  42. Jordan permalink
    December 1, 2009 2:28 am

    I thought the first point you had was very interesting. All though, I wanted to see some facts for myself. I stumbled upon an article called Predation of Sharks on Man, by Leonard P. Schultz, which gave me the thought that you are addressing the deaths per year not necessarily the attacks. Now, don’t get me wrong, I am quite fond of sharks (I was the little kid at the aquarium trying to hug the sharks in the touching tanks) but I think you are cherry picking by not addressing unprovoked attacks. The article was reporting on 1,400 different shark attacks trying to figure out what exactly prompted sharks to attack. The death toll of disease might be greater than that of sharks, but the fact that they can still attack people as prey should not be overlooked in those statistics.

    • December 1, 2009 9:16 am

      1,400 shark attacks, wow. They must have occured in a period of more than 20 years. Normally, according to the shark attack statistics, there are between 50 and 100 shark accidents per year, every little shark bite included. Normally about 10% of them are fatal. Last year there was a single death reported, as far as I know. The number 1,400 certainly does not represent a single year. There is so much nonsense being told about sharks, from so-called experts, it’s really amazing. For example, there is no scientific prove that sharks react to human blood. How could they? They don’t who and what we are. They react to fish blood and some of them probably to the blood of seals, but not to human blood. Click on my name and take a look at my website. You will find quite a bit of information there.

  43. January 6, 2010 2:10 pm

    Loved your blog David…v helpful as I’m writing a book about animals that are a ‘threat’ to people…it’s called “Deadly’ to lure the ten year old male reader, but is of course about the fact that animals are not deadly – they are just predators and humans are very numerous and sometimes in the wrong place at the wrong time.
    I’m particularly interested in our disproportionate response to sharks, which seem to have the biggest, baddest reputation with the least foundation.
    Would love to e mail you a few questions if that’s OK…no worries if not

    Best wishes

  44. January 9, 2010 7:28 am

    Hello again,
    as far as the shark attacks go, which I like to call accidents rather than attacks, all you have to do is to contact, the website of the Shark Research Institute in Princeton, NJ and ask the Global Shark Attack Files. There might me a few more accidents than are reported but believe me, whenever the media gets hold of a shark bite, they will not wait to report it. Other statistics about the oxygen the oceans produce, just ask any marine biologist. I listen to a lot of presentations from experts and they all agree that the ocean, actually the phytoplankton in the oceans, produce approximately 70% of the oxygen we need to breathe and live. If we kill off all the sharks, which are the top of the food chain in those oceans, the whole food chain will brake down all the way to the very bottom and that is the plankton. There are many organizations to ask and contact: ask the Shark Research Institute, the Shark Trust in England, and there many more. The figure about 2048 when the oceans will supposedly be fished out, comes from a letter to the UN, signed by 1,000 scientists from all over the world. I hope this is helpful information. Good luck,

  45. Heidi Becker permalink
    January 9, 2010 1:28 pm

    The sharks are the “Ferrari´s” of the water. Beautifull, super design, but you need to take care of them. I can´t believe what the Japanese are doing against them. Until now, I kave 9 years scuba diving, no problem with them. Of course I don´t provoque them. It´s simple: I love them.

  46. January 9, 2010 5:28 pm

    Well said Heidi!
    The Japanese have no respect for anything. They kill at least a thousand whales per year, most of them illegally but officially for “scientific research”. They also kill about 20,000 dolphins per year in the most brutal way. It makes you wonder if they are really a civilized people or more like cavemen. Take a look at the movie “The Cove” then you’ll know. They even cheat their own people by pretending that the meat of the dolphins is whale meat.

    • whysharksmatter permalink*
      January 10, 2010 12:50 am

      Jupp, I’d prefer if we avoided slandering entire nationalities.

      Also, while your comments apply to certain Japanese people, since this post is about sharks and not whales, I can only assume that Heidi is trying to refer to China and not Japan. She is not only stereotyping, but she is stereotyping incorrectly.

      • January 10, 2010 6:43 am

        OK, I get your message. But isn’t it the reality? How are we going to stop them from killing whales, sharks and dolphins if we don’t have the guts to speak our mind? I have written a letter to the Japanese Ambassador in Washington DC and to the Royal Palace in Tokyo. At least the Royal Palace had the decency to acknowledge my letter but the Ambassador did not. Would you recommend for Paul Watson and the Sea Shepherd Society not to say anything bad about Japanese Whaling? Or would you want to stop the movie “The Cove” from being shown, like some in Japan tried to do? You want to keep quiet about the dolphin killings in Taiji? If you sensor our comments for anything other than profanity and indecency, then I would ask you to take me off your list. I am used to say what I have on my mind, that’s what I call “Free Speech” and if your blog cannot handle it, then this is my last posting. Sorry!

      • January 10, 2010 9:53 am

        Dave was referring to your use of the term “cavemen” to describe the Japanese people. It is in fact possible to be extremely critical of whaling and shed light on the horrors of the dolphin slaughter without referring to the Japanese as “cavemen”. I’ve been following some of the environmental forums, and the level of unadulterated hate speech is simply disgusting. Obviously this is an extremely emotional issue, but the kind of language being use hearkens back to the “Slap a Jap” propaganda of World War II used to dehumanize the Japanese and justify committing atrocities against them. In regards to whaling, the crime most Japanese are guilty of is ignorance or indifference, and when the anti-whaling rhetoric is also anti-Japanese hate speech, you’ve lost the opportunity to educate, and the whaling propaganda machine gets a little bit more support. As me and Dave have always said, lasting change is only going to happen if the people of Japan participate.

        We have never, nor will we ever censor comments, not even for indecency. You’ve been contributing to this site for a while now and we’re always happy to see your additions. The only time comments are removed for content is if they violate rule 5 or 5a, and even then it has to be pretty blatant.

      • whysharksmatter permalink*
        January 10, 2010 11:13 am

        It’s interesting that you cite “the Cove”, Jupp. One of the most interesting scenes in that movie for me was when the OPS crew talked to regular people in the street in Tokyo…and most had no idea what was going on in Taiji.

        I certainly don’t think that silence about the issue is the solution, but how will we solve anything if the people we need to convince think we hate their entire country?

        Again, this is a post about sharks, not whales, so Heidi’s original comment was probably referring to China (the largest consumer of shark fins) and not Japan. The only thing worse than stereotypes is stereotypes that are demonstrably factually incorrect.

  47. antonia Salm permalink
    January 10, 2010 2:00 pm

    While I have many Japanese friends, and would never slander an entire nation unfairly—In Jupp’s defense, I have to say, I can understand why he would use the term “cavemen”. After all, the government of this country is ALLOWING this to happen! The people that are supposed to be the most educated , most sophisticated LEADERS are allowing whales to be hunted in the name of research, and sharks to be hunted for shark fin soup. I know this is a bog devoted to sharks—-and don’t tell me the Japanese don’t hunt sharks see this article for example:

    The whale and dolphin hunting just get more press as far as Japan is concerned. It’s just that a nation that is sophisticated in so many ways, is obviously severely lacking when it comes to the science of the ocean. The OCEAN which is our biggest provider of oxygen for this planet! I mean, really, it doesn’t take a genius to figure out what happens to an ecosystem if you take out it’s top predator(s)! I am sorry that most of the people on the street do not know what is happening in their own country, but there’s obviously a demand for whale meat right? I mean people are buying the products in the markets—-so where are their scientists? Where are their journalists? Where is the TRUTH and why is it not featured on their airwaves?

    I may not have used the word “cavemen” to describe the Japanese, but I can surely understand the frustration leading to such a comment. Jupp is someone who has PHYSICALLY done so much to spread education on sharks, and the ocean ecosystem as a whole. I did a documentary story for PLUM TV last summer, and interviewed him as a REP of the Shark Research Institute ( His knowledge, courage and passion on these topics blew me away.

    The main problem and danger on this planet is US, and our rampant overpopulation and consumption. The only way to keep this under control somewhat is by hopefully having educated LEADERS in charge. The fact that the governments in China and Japan are too DENSE to listen to logic–forget about science even—LOGIC, makes one believe that they really COULD be more akin to their cave ancestors than one would like to admit.

    I am no scientist, but when you hear the breakdown of the ocean food chain as Jupp describes it, it plain makes SENSE and it’s no joke. We have to patrol the oceans and STOP this plundering NOW. Our future depends on it.

    • antonia Salm permalink
      January 11, 2010 11:33 am

      I’d also like to add–there are obviously leaders in other countries following dangerous “cave” logic when it comes to fishing. Spain for example. Spain was, last time I checked, the biggest provider of shark fins & product to the Chinese. And England. The fish in “Fish & Chips” comes from the Porbeagle shark, whose numbers are also stressed. The U.S.—All over the US they still hold shark fishing tournaments.

      But the demand for FINS & cartilage? That’s the worst. One of the most asinine and deplorable traditions I’ve ever heard of. All that suffering and wasteful slaughter—and for what? To feed ignorance & greed. It’s just criminal.

      • antonia Salm permalink
        January 12, 2010 12:29 pm

        Firstly, I am not crazy about the icon chosen for me on this blog. I am not green. And it looks really unhappy and I’m actually smiling right now. HaHa…I think it’s hilarious that what I blog here gets “Thumbs” down all the time. Gosh, the human ego is an amazing thing. I suppose it’s because of the “caveman” reference? Everything I have written is true, factually. These horrendous acts do need to be stopped. Our survival depends on it. The facts about the ocean providing most of our oxygen, the horrible choices our countries and their leaders are making. And the questions I raise are valid. Also, shark finning IS a deplorable tradition. No matter how you look at it. Stupid even when it was started thousands of years ago by the Chinese nobility. The concept that eating a strong animal makes one strong is ridiculous. And the fact that even here in the US today, health stores still carry vitamins and cosmetics containing “squalane” and shark cartilage? The only reason people may harp “unfairly” on the Chinese on this site, is because helloooo, we are talking about SHARKS! The main reason sharks are in such danger is because of the ignorance ego and greed of MANY “educated” people in that nation. And I am sorry, but the same goes for Japan, or Spain, or the US.
        Maybe its true that alot of people don’t know what’s going on. The fact is, the oceans are breaking down, and we need to stop it. Without making excuses for people.
        But suggest that CERTAIN men or leaders are following “cave” logic, or put the word “caveman” in your comments, and all sense goes out the window. Oh no, we can’t have that. We are better than that.

        It’s funny that the only reason I would even bring those terms into a discussion is when its obvious that human ego is the reason for the discussion in the first place. The reason sharks are being finned is because of pure ego. The reason there are shark tournaments? Man triumphs again over the most powerful and “terrifying” beast in the sea. Sharks kill a handful of people a year, but we kill hundreds of MILLIONS. In ancient times, when there were only a few humans who needed to hunt or catch fish to survive, it would be understandable that Man could think–“If I eat this strong animal I will get strong”. But in this age of communication, when some of the strongest and wisest figures on the planet have been shown to be vegetarians for example, and when our Earth is breaking down because of US–because of MAN, you’d think that something like shark finning COULD not exist. And the knowledge that shark meat is FILLED with mercury which is deadly to humans is out there too.

        It just makes me think that we may have evolved in some ways, but the ego? It hasn’t come very far at all from ancient times in some cases. (ie shark finning, “Scientific” whale hunting, etc)
        (I fully expect multiple Thumbs down ratings on this post. I did say the “C” word. Fire away, but please read the below: )

        I just donated money to the “Shark Saver” campaign that puts billboards all over China to educate people on the dangers of shark finning. All differences aside, let’s all donate to this, and physically make a change!

  48. January 17, 2010 12:09 am

    Andrew, who do I contact at Wild Aid to ask permission to place Yao Ming’s PSA on my website? I will link back to the url of their choice and post it to my database. I get a lot of Chinese from throughout SE Asia and Mainland China so I would like both English and Chinese language.

    BTW, I’m proud of my “Caveman” moniker – it’s based on looks and intelligence. My Thai name is Ling Yai, Big Monkey – we are all nothing but overgrown monkeys.

    Asian cultures are tough nuts. The Chinese won’t listen to anyone, no matter how ratinal. If an opinion comes froma “Red Bearded Foreign Devil” they instinctively entrench in their old ways. Japanese are worse. Most don’t even know whaling exists – and the culture is based on pain anyway. CEO’s and PR departments do not issue their emails, so when I buy non-Japanese I write them an anti-whaling letter with a photocpy receipt of my non-Japanese product. That won’t do much good until thousands of letters a month come in, but we have to start somewhere.

    Andrew, I got Tesco Lotus to drop Sharkfin worldwide in 48 hours and all retailers in Phuket except one, who has a windfall market now. We are going to start hitting MACRO, the hold-out, from all directions in a peaceful and polite way. How about letters to the manager from dozens of different countries? Can you help connect us with the right organizations to join a letter wring camapign? If we include the Tourism Authority of Thailand and say we won’t visit Phuket and thailad because of shark fin soup that may negate value of the Chinese group tour business.

    See you on the water,

    Ling Yai (Thai for ‘Big Monkey’) AKA John Caveman Gray
    Original sea kayak/sea cave explorer in Thailand and Vietnam
    SKAL International Ecotourism Award 2008
    Lecturer, Coastal Tourism Management, Prince of Songkla University – Phuket
    Conservation/Natural History Trainer, TAT Guide Certification
    Phang Nga Bay Clean-Up at

    Mobile: +66-84-844-1807

    Hong By Starlight inc slide show at
    Honolulu Star-Bulletin on John Gray at
    Royal Barge Procession/Grand Palace After Dark at
    Puerto Princesa ideal Eco-destination at
    Ling Yai’s Eco-column at

    • antonia Salm permalink
      January 17, 2010 1:03 pm

      You are my kind of caveman Ling Yai! You have some great ideas, good luck with everything! We need more smart (cave) men of action and HEART like you!! Thank you & good luck :))) —–^——^—–^shark angel ^—–^—-^—–


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  • Authors

    The Southern Fried Scientist

    Andrew is a graduate student in North Carolina studying deep sea biology. When not in the lab, he spends his time out on the water, usually swearing at his boat while simultaneously sacrificing some important tool to Poseidon in a desperate attempt to make the motor start. That is, assuming he can get his truck running long enough to actually put the boat in the water. He enjoys long walks on the beach, by necessity. Follow him on Twitter @SFriedScientist.


    David is a graduate student in South Carolina studying shark conservation. He is the author of the upcoming book “Why Sharks Matter: Using New Environmentalism to Show The Economic And Ecological Importance of Sharks, The Threats They Face, and How You Can Help”. His time is divided between educating the public about sharks, spending days at a time at sea playing with sharks, and eating horribly unhealthy foods. Follow him on Twitter @WhySharksMatter.

    bluegrass blue crab

    Amy is a graduate student in North Carolina studying local ecological knowledge within the blue crab fishery. She spends half her life studying the most charismatic of organisms - humans - and the estuaries on which they depend. While not contemplating grand social theories, she enjoys a good jam session and watching sunsets over the estuary. Follow her on Twitter @bgrassbluecrab.

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